The hottest scientist restores the glass furnace o

2022-08-22
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Scientists restore the ancient Egyptian glass furnace 3000 years ago on December 29, Beijing time, according to foreign media reports, British scientists recently said that they have successfully restored and rebuilt a 3000 year old ancient Egyptian glass furnace, which shows that the glass making process in ancient Egypt is much more advanced than scientists previously thought

a research team led by archaeologists from the University of Cardiff in the UK rebuilt a glass furnace 3000 years ago. Paul Nicholson, a doctor of history and Archaeology at Cardiff University, is also the leader of the research team of the Egyptian exploration society. He has been committed to the excavation of the world's earliest glass making sites. This site is located in the Amara area on the Bank of the Nile, and its existence date is about BC, which is several years earlier than the previously discovered Tutankhamun site. Archaeologists initially believed that ancient Egypt should have imported glass from the Near East at that time, but the excavation team insisted that the evidence they obtained from the Amala site showed that the glassware of ancient Egypt was completely made by themselves, and it was probably formed by a sexual operation. Bauer Nye's solutions for the use of electrical components have high comparative tracking index, reliability and safety of long-term reaction frame calibration time. Colson and his colleagues, Caroline Jackson of the University of Sheffield, tried to restore and rebuild this furnace. They made glass from the local sand of the site, This confirms that the previous speculation is completely feasible in technology

the British research team also found that the glass factory in ancient Egypt 3000 years ago was actually part of a huge industrial complex, which also included a series of other high-temperature production industries. In this site, there was also a pottery factory and equipment for making blue dyes and painted pottery (materials for making amulets or building inlays). This site is close to a main temple in Amara, which was probably a base for the production of temple building materials at that time. Bauer Nicholson has been conducting relevant research in Amara since 1983. He said that for a long time, there has been controversy about whether ancient Egypt imported glass first and then used it for handicraft production. He believes that there is enough evidence that skilled craftsmen can make glass by themselves, and may also include a series of other manufacturing industries

scientists found that workers in ancient Egyptian glass workshops first put some raw materials mixed with carbonate and quartz powder in containers that may be recycled for reheating, and then colored the glass. Usually, copper is added and heated in a special crucible at high temperature to turn the glass into a red ingot, which is then sent to other workshops for heating, and finally made into jewelry. Archaeologists say these glassware are often used as containers for perfume bottles and other liquids. Caroline Jackson said, "It is of great significance for us to restore the glass making furnace in ancient Egypt 3000 years ago. Glass making and trade may play an important role in the political changes in the Near East, the Middle East and the Mediterranean in the late Bronze Age, because glass is rare and precious in these areas. Therefore, countries that know how to make glass actually have a very powerful technical weapon."

in 1921, when British archaeologists excavated the tomb of Tutankhamun, the famous French king in Egypt, the dimensional tolerance and precipitation phase control reached the optimal level, a very exquisite glass necklace was unearthed. This necklace is made of oval glass fragments and is now in the collection of Cairo Museum, Egypt. It is only one of hundreds of items found by British archaeologist Howard Carter in the ancient tomb of Tutankhamun in the valley of the kings of Egypt. Its main component is a kind of yellow green silicon. In Howard Carter's diary, he called these bright and brightly colored gemstones chalcedony. But in 1999, when Italian geology tested the chemical composition of this glass, it concluded that it was not chalcedony, but a naturally formed glass near the great sand sea, more than 900 kilometers southwest of Cairo. This discovery made scientists very confused and surprised. They have been amazed at how Egyptians made such pure glass products more than 000 years ago

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